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Legal Marques • Genève

🚀Artificial Intelligence & Intellectual Property rights

Tag : Artificial Intelligence, Futur of AI, Intellectual Property, Future

Level Expert- Temps de lecture : 3 min 30

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a term commonly used to describe the ability of certain computer systems to exhibit functions and capabilities associated with human intelligence. These functions include perception, understanding, learning, reasoning, and problem-solving. AI such as Google Assistant, Siri, Alexa in autonomous cars, smart thermostats in our homes, and the increasing popularity of Robots have already transformed our lives[1].

From algorithmic decision making, to autonomous systems performance, machine learning and explanation, AI is able to perform administrative tasks- which are otherwise time-consuming to human workers, at a faster, better rate, and at a relatively lower cost. China Daily recently reported the construction of the “first zero-labor factory[2]” in Dongguan, which would scale down Everwin Precision Technology Ltd.’s human workforce by up to 90 percent. Also, Midea, a Chinese electronic appliance manufacturer, plans to cut a third of its 30,000 workers by 2020 in favor of automated systems. Just like the first industrial revolution, the incorporation of AI in businesses will reshape the relationship between capital and labor in economies around the world.

The technology is developing faster than legal regulations can keep up with.  The legal vacuums created by this technological advancement has forced legal counsels to analyze “new” situations with “old” laws. It is therefore necessary to search a balance between regulation, innovation, and the effects of AI on the dissemination of information. Also, questions relating to individual rights, discrimination, and architectures of control are in the heart of this debate. 

« Sophia » became a robot citizen !
 

However, AI raises new issues as a result of its continued evolution. The system of creations made by robots must be the subject of a deep reflection. How about granting intellectual property rights (IP) to AI-enabled inventions? How would IP rights and revenues be shared? If the positive right does not recognize the personality of the technologies AI “Robot” (II), it ensures residual protection to the creator (I).

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